A National crane is an essential piece of equipment in the construction industry; unfortunately, because of operator error, there are a large number of accidents and even some fatalities. These occurrences do not happen just because of ignorance about the equipment; more often, it is simply because humans are subject to making mistakes. An additional reason for sometimes deadly accidents is the malfunction, design and defect of the equipment itself. Because of the potential risks and hazard exposures that exist, it is important to avoid such mishaps by following certain established procedures.
Following are a few helpful tips to follow to prevent accidents and minimizing job site injuries or fatalities.
- Training – All drivers and other crew members should undergo training regarding proper machine usage, hazard identification, risk assessment, and problem solutions that could arise during operations. Training is intended to minimize or eradicate human-related errors and teach drivers the importance and usage of safety devices.
- Inspection – A comprehensive machine inspection should be conducted by checking all essential components to ensure that the machine is accurately functioning. This should be done on a daily basis to detect damaged parts and prevent mechanical failure.
- Maintenance – A preventive maintenance program should be created and strictly followed by all personnel.
- Lifting Capacity – Drivers should avoid going beyond the lifting capacity of the device to prevent tipping over.
- Outriggers – Hydraulic outriggers should be engaged prior to the start of any operation.
- Communication – Drivers must establish clear communications with ground workers during a lifting task. Voice communication systems and hand signals are still considered as effective methods to maintain good communications.
- Work Site Inspection – Inspect a work area for possible hazards such as overhead power lines, bystanders, ground conditions, overhanging branches, and parked cars.
- Safety Margin – A safety margin, or swing radius, should be established that provides freedom of movement for the boom arm to swivel. The swing radius must be barricaded to prevent workers and bystanders from getting too close during operations.
- Supervision – All operations must be properly supervised, especially including assembly and dis-assembly of the crane components.
- Manufacturer’s Manual – Always read the manufacturer’s guide for the proper use of the machine, paying particular attention to the warnings as well as any listed guidelines.
- Rules and Regulations – Stay current with any new rules and regulations created by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) or other governmental agencies to reduce commonly encountered risks.
- Protective Gear – Hard hats, protective clothing, lanyards – if applicable, and other related personal protective equipment should be worn at all times during the work shift.
Crane accidents can happen because of worker exposure to potentially deadly work site hazards. Drivers operating the equipment as well as the ground crew and other people nearby are exposed to potential risks during every operation. Although operator error has been identified as a primary cause for such mishaps, other contributing factors include: power line contact; improper weight distribution leading to a tip-over; inaccurate handling of components; lack of communication between driver and crew members; product defects; improper maintenance; lack of training; and mechanical failures.
Since operating a National Crane can be very dangerous, it is essential to follow the safety guidelines set forth by governmental agencies such as OSHA as well as company rules that work to avoid unnecessary dangers and keep crane accidents from happening!
Call Central Truck Sales For Further Information About National Crane Trucks!
Are you considering the purchase of a National crane truck? Call Central Truck Sales at 866-570-1412 who can help with the purchase of one of these mighty hard-working vehicles!